Last updateTue, 18 Apr 2017 8am

Marine Reserve

schoollingmaomaoAt present Marine Reserves can only be established in New Zealand through the strict procedures set out in the Marine Reserves Act 1971. They are specified areas of the sea and foreshore that are managed to preserve them in their natural state as the habitat of marine life for scientific study.

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Marine Protected Areas

SugarloafThere has been much talk of different forms of marine protected areas. Not everyone is always clear what each of the terms really means, who can establish them and for what purpose, and what their likely effects might be in time. This section describes each form of marine protection and includes case studies of key New Zealand MPAs. You can download a complete version as a PDF here

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deepwatercoveThis is a Maori customary management term with a variety of definitions, but in the context of marine resource protection a rahui usually means a temporary tapu or restriction of access imposed by the kaitiaki for that area. They can be enforced through a Gazette Notice made under s.186A of the Fisheries Act which can apply to specified species or specified methods, for up to two years at a time, and the restrictions apply to all persons.

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Taiapure are “local fisheries” in estuarine or coastal waters which recognise the special significance of the area to local iwi or hapu, either as a source of seafood, or for spiritual or cultural reasons. Taiapure can give Maori greater say in the management of their traditionally important areas. A major difference between mataitai and taiapure is that taiapure may allow commercial fishing.

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Mataitai reserves are created in areas of traditional importance to Maori for customary food gathering. Within them, tangata whenua are authorised by the Minister of Fisheries under s.23 of the Kaimoana Customary Fishing Regulations 1998 to manage and control the non-commercial harvest of seafood through a local committee.

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Marine Park

mimiwhangata thumbMarine parks are not administered by the Department of Conservation, but are managed under the Fisheries Acts or under their own special legislation. Although marine parks established under the Fisheries Act 1983 continue to be protected, as of the Fisheries Act 1996, no new marine areas can be protected under fisheries legislation.

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National Park

These are the highest status protected land areas administered in New Zealand, under the National Parks Act 1980. Despite strenuous efforts to tweak the legislation to allow the boundaries to include at least the intertidal beaches (e.g. on the edge of Abel Tasman National Park), and at best the subtidal areas largely surrounded by national park (e.g. within the fiords of Fiordland National Park), no change has been possible legally or politically.

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Marine Sanctuary

FishonlyWhile Fish Forever has chosen to use the expression "network of marine sanctuaries" to describe its campaign objective, it is an aspirational goal that captures the esence of full protection rather than a formal tool that can be applied to a specific area.

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Northland-Dive-crayfishAnnual Membership Rates:
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Affiliate (please name organistation) - $15.00
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Family - $35.00

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